Colloquium Dr. Aldo Ianni (Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso)

20 - 01 - 2017 om 11:00 tot 20 - 01 - 2017 om 12:00


Friday 20 January, 11.00h, at Nikhef in H331.

Speaker: Dr. Aldo Ianni (Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso)

Title: “The Borexino experiment at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory”.

Abstract:
Borexino at the Gran Sasso Laboratory is an unsegmented 300 tons liquid scintillator detector designed and built to search mainly for low energy (<1MeV)
solar neutrinos. Borexino has already operated for ten years and achieved a number of remarkable results in MeV and sub-MeV (anti)neutrino searches, such as a 5%
measurement of the 7Be solar neutrinos and observation of geo-neutrinos. In 2014, Borexino has detected the so-called proton-proton (pp) solar neutrinos.
The production of these neutrinos is very slow and drives the evolution of the Sun in a timescale of billions of years. Being the average energy of pp neutrino equal to 267 keV,
detection of these neutrinos in realtime is extremely difficult. The high level of radio-purity reached in Borexino has allowed to measure pp neutrinos at 10% level.
In 2015, Borexino has measured geo-neutrinos with a 5sigma significance. In the talk the Borexino detector and its history since the early proposal in 1988 will be reported. A review of the main achievements in Borexino, including solar neutrinos, geo-neutrinos and rare events searches, will be presented. Next future perspectives with Borexino will be reviewed.

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